This is also a personification, where the crowns are given the quality of anger. So it seems like it might be personification. The use of personification helps to paint a mental picture in the reader's mind of the fog stealthily creeping in. In this way, the word 'fatal' is a transferred epithet. The marriage itself isn't unhappy because marriages can't have feelings. Both smiling and frowning are human actions. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} An example of a transferred epithet is: "I had a wonderful day." By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Transferred Epithets Versus Personification, Definition and Examples of Kennings in English, 5 Examples of How to Write a Good Descriptive Paragraph, Figures of Speech: The Apostrophe as a Literary Device, Brief Introductions to Common Figures of Speech, Definition and Examples of Ontological Metaphor, Figure of Speech: Definition and Examples, Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia, M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester, B.A., English, State University of New York. He even makes clear that he's really describing his own feelings of melancholy by noting that he could not say he was "feeling boomps-a-daisy" (wonderful or happy). Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you This is an example of personification because shadows don't literally tremble, but people do. A personification, on the other hand, means assigning the quality of a living being, such as actions, speech, or emotions, to an inanimate object. For ex - "He showed of his threads". In that way, it's also a transferred epithet. Let's look at a couple of examples. The bars, presumably installed in a prison are inanimate objects, and therefore, can't be cruel. A transferred epithet often involves shifting a modifier from the animate to the inanimate, as in the phrases "cheerful money," "sleepless night," and "suicidal sky." A transferred epithet is not very difficult to spot, and it surely gives any piece of text a literary and poetic twist, which is why it can be called an artistic term. But that leaves Nina wondering what, exactly, a transferred epithet is. She believes this is personification because a marriage can't be unhappy. The major difference between a synecdoche and transferred epithet I have explained below using definition and examples. In common language, it is like assigning a common quality to a group (some may call it ‘labeling’). Not sure what college you want to attend yet? A figure of speech in which an epithet (or adjective) grammatically qualifies a noun other than the person or thing it is actually describing. In other words, the modifier or epithet is transferred from the noun it is meant to describe to another noun in the sentence. the angry ocean is roaring. 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In this 1935 letter to fellow British poet and novelist Stephen Spender, essayist/poet/playwright T.S. Explore the difference between transferred epithet and personification in this quiz and worksheet. The word wings has been transferred from whirling to sounds. An error occurred trying to load this video. Transferred epithet✦ The plowman plods a long and weary way.✦ She gave him a knowing smile. We use this figure of speech in our lives every day without even realizing it. Eliot employs a transferred epithet to make his feelings clear: Eliot is expressing his vexation, probably to criticism of him or some of his works. winged sounds of whirling – The wings are making the whirling sound. angry crown of kings – It is the crowned kings who are angry. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. In the poem 'Lord Ullin's Daughter,' by Thomas Campbell, a girl is killed in a shipwreck. A transferred epithet, as explained above, is the transfer of a modifier from one noun to another. Of course, guns don't have feelings, so they can't literally be angry. She looked at him through concerned eyes. A transferred epithet is a figure of speech wherein an adverb or adjective is transferred from a noun to which it belongs, to a noun with which it fits only grammatically, but not logically or practically. His outfit was inviting bewildered stares. © copyright 2003-2020 Indeed, it was he who was feeling meditative, not his foot. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. There are numerous examples of this figure of speech found in our daily lives, and the list can go on and on. - Types, Examples & Definitions, What is Catharsis? Because transferred epithets provide a vehicle for metaphoric language, writers often employ them to infuse their works with vivid imagery as the following examples show: Wodehouse, whose work also includes many other effective uses of grammar and sentence structure, transfers his meditative feeling to the foot he is soaping. The bars merely serve to foster the person's cruel intentions. Create an account to start this course today. For instance, saying ‘It was a dreamless night’ certainly sounds better than ‘I did not have any dreams last night’. succeed. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. In a transfered epithet the adjective is transfered from a person to an object. Don’t lean over such a terrifying height. These epithets are often employed as rhetorical devices in poetry and other literature, but are also found in … This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Marriage is ephemeral; an intellectual construct—it can neither be happy or unhappy because a marriage is not capable of having emotions. This is an example of a transferred epithet, because the ‘day’ was not wonderful, but the experiences that you had that day made you feel wonderful. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Select a subject to preview related courses: A transferred epithet is when an epithet is transferred from the thing it actually describes to something else in the sentence. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Anyone can earn Example ; the ploughman plods his weary way. Nina says that when she talks about an unhappy marriage, she's using personification, which involves giving human characteristics to non-human beings or objects in literature. Fog can't "come," as in walk, either. To unlock this lesson you must be a Member. When someone talks about the 'icy hands of winter,' they don't mean that the winter literally has hands, so it's metaphoric language. But before we declare Nina is right, let's look at transferred epithets to see if her friend Sarah might be right. A hypallage can also mean a rhetoric or inversion, but in this case, it is referred to as a transferred epithet. “Even just the bewildering minute counts; you have to give yourself up.” – T.S. The feeling of wonderfulness has been transferred from you to the day. One of literature's best examples of personification is a descriptive line from the poem "Fog" by acclaimed American poet Carl Sandburg : We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. The epithet "wonderful" actually describes the kind of day the speaker experienced. So, this quote gives fog qualities it cannot have—little feet and the ability to walk. a pesonification presents an inanimate object as a living being. courses that prepare you to earn study - Definition, Examples & History in Literature and Drama, Allegory in Literature: History, Definition & Examples, Consonance, Assonance, and Repetition: Definitions & Examples, Understatement & Litotes: Differences, Definitions & Examples, Symbolism & Imagery in Literature: Definitions & Examples, Introduction to Literary Theory: Major Critics and Movements, Overview of Literary Periods and Movements: A Historical Crash Course, Paradox in Literature: Definition & Examples, Pathetic Fallacy in Literature: Definition & Examples, What is Connotation? Now let's go back to Nina's phrase 'unhappy marriage.' This quote, then, is a transferred epithet: It transfers the modifier, "unhappy," to the word "marriage.". All rights reserved. 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