In its ultimate GT-R50 form, with revised coachwork by Ital Design, Nissan’s phenomenal V6 develops a massive 721PS, enabling this sizeable coupe to storm from 0-60mph (0-97km/h) in just 2.4 seconds, with a top speed exceeding 205mph (330km/h). Using the advanced hydrolastic DS as its base, Citroën developed an ambitious and expensive ‘Projet S’ four-seater GT coupe to top its range, but lacked a suitable engine to power such a machine. Despite its high horsepower rating of 263, it's not found in the Ford Mustang. PRV use increased for 1976 with introduction of Renault’s Alpine A310 V6 – which replaced that model’s previous four-cylinder Renault 16 powerplant – plus the laughable chop-top Volvo 262C coupe. Originally planned to use a triple-rotor Wankel engine, Citroën soon altered its Projet S to adopt a suitable V6 motor instead, something the French car maker lacked at the time. It was all-aluminium, had quad camshafts and was exceptionally light at just at 140kg dry. The 3.5L V6 produces 268 horsepower and 248 foot-pounds of torque. This article was written by the It Still Works team, copy edited and fact checked through a multi-point auditing system, in efforts to ensure our readers only receive the best information. It also comes with the Mazda CX-9. Production of the Busso V6 came to an end in 2005 at the Alfa Romeo Arese plant when the 166 and GT coupe came to an end. This 2.9-liter twin-turbo V6 is based on the 3.9-liter V8 in the Ferrari California T. The Giulia's V6 sounds very different than other engines and produces a very healthy 505 hp. It's also available in many Acura vehicles, including the TSX and the TL.

His target from Citroën was to produce an engine developing 152PS, yet his unconventional V6 was capable of delivering 203bhp, depending on camshaft profile. Join the GRRC Fellowship to access year-round exclusive videos, live streaming from events and more. The most powerful Panamera models still use turbocharged V8 engines, but Porsche has shown that a V6 can offer incredible performance and impressive hybrid fuel economy. Other engines are known for their poor performance and unreliability due to bad designs, inferior material or production issues.

Throughout its 110-years, Alfa Romeo has had a history of producing great motor cars, most powered by exceptional engines. V6 engines have had a rep for being a bit dull and lacking personality, but they are now enjoying something of a renaissance with some amazing new offerings on the market. Alfieri was given six months to come up with the first Indy V8-based V6 prototype, but he achieved the task in just three weeks. Lancia, Ferrari and Peugeot images courtesy of Bonhams, Ford GT photography by Jayson Fong. The glorious-sounding Busso V6 soon found a more fitting base in 1980 under the bonnet of the revised Alfetta GTV coupe to become the sporting 2.5-litre GTV6. Nissan uses the 3.5L V6 in the Altima, Maxima and Pathfinder -- as well as in vehicles from its luxury brand, Infiniti.

This engine produces a whopping 434 hp in the Panamera 4S and 456 hp in the Panamera 4 hybrid.

The engine was stretched to 3.0-litres for the South African-built GTV6, with an impressive roll call of subsequent 12V and 24V Alfa Romeo models also adopting the V6. In Europe, for example, during the 1960s-80s, Ford’s Cologne-based factory produced V6 motors for some of its more powerful German-built Capri, Sierra, Granada, Scorpio and Taunus 20M models. The VR38 was one of the first engines to use an ultra-thin plasma lining on the cylinder walls in place of a traditional steel liner. 50 Years of GT-R: 50 moments of GT-R. Alfa 156 GTA (2001-07) Starting life in 1979, Alfa’s 3.2 was the ultimate expression of its long-running V6 engine seeing service in the 147 and 156 GTA, GT coupe and others. To submit your questions or ideas, or to simply learn more about It Still Works, contact us. Today the coveted Giulia and Stelvio Quadrifoglio models use a Ferrari-derived 60-degree V6. The Avant Garde Citroën SM’s V6 was highly advanced, effectively being three-quarters of a supercar motor. One particular case is Ford's 4.6L V8, which comes in the Mercury Grand Marquis and Lincoln Town Car, among other vehicles. By the time of this Lancia’s 1973 debut, Ferrari was abandoning its V6 in favour of the Dino V8 engine found in its 308 GT4 and GTB/GTS mid-engined models. The new Aurelia’s game-changing 60-degree V6 engine was developed under the direction of gifted Italian engineer Vittorio Jano and his colleague Francesco de Virgilio between 1943 and 1948, created as a response to the occasional vibration problems Lancia had experienced with its smaller V4 unit. Whilst arguably not as widely accomplished or acclaimed as some of the other V6 engines featured here, the PRV (Peugeot Renault Volvo) V6 was one of the more commercially successful and widespread of all six-cylinder motors in this configuration. These have ranged from the long-forgotten Mazda MX-3 (Eunos Presso in Japan), a small early-1990s 1.5-litre coupe with the most compact V6 engine ever made, through to the Jaguar XJ220, which used a modified 3.5-litre V64V V6 turbo (in place of the prototype’s V12), originally developed by Rover for use in its MG Metro 6R4 Group B rally weapon.

The EcoBoost V6 is offered in 2.7-, 3.0- and 3.5-litre guises, with the latter used in the current Ford GT supercar, producing 669PS. Most of the performance luxury sedans have dropped cylinders in the last few years. Some modern V6 engines are turned for high performance, particularly when compared to some older V6 engines. There the engine comes with the Lexus IS350, where it produces 306 horsepower and 273 foot-pounds of torque. To work with Citroën’s favoured front-wheel-drive layout, this new V6 needed to be compact and light. Six-cylinder engines (both in straight and vee configurations) have been a feature of Nissan’s passenger car line-up for decades, with notable past six-cylinder models including the Datsun 240Z of 1969 (with an in-line six), the plush Cedric/Gloria models, plus the legendary Skyline GT-R sporting derivatives. The Citroën SM’s remarkable 2.7-litre V6 also found a home in the middle of the sporting Ligier JS2 coupe. The V6 engine may finally be coming into its own. It produces 273 horsepower and 270 foot-pounds of torque. Maserati turned its 4.1-litre V8 into a sub-2.7-litre V6 to fit into France’s 15CV puissance fiscal tax band by effectively sawing off two-cylinders from the existing Indy V8. We have since come to appreciate models like the C43 AMG, GLC 43 AMG and others.

We had to wait until 1979 though for one of the greatest of all Alfa engines, the sonorous 60-degree V6, developed by engineer Giuseppe Busso. The more powerful V6 is actually smaller at 2.9-liters, still with two turbochargers. Many models (especially affordable ones) have been ditching it in favor of smaller powerplants. Although it was Ford that popularised the V8 and made it affordable to the masses pre-war with its Model A, the American vehicle manufacturer has also enjoyed a long history of offering V6 engines in a number of its range-topping performance models across the globe. In this form, Ferrari’s Dino V6 saw extensive (and successful) rallying action in the dart-like Lancia Stratos. Toyota's 3.5L V6 comes in the Toyota Camry, Avalon, RAV4 and Highlander, although several of the vehicles come with four-cylinders in base form. 2021 BMW 8 Series Gran Coupe Review: Four-Door Bliss, 2021 Audi S7 Sportback Review: Almost Perfect, 2021 Porsche 718 Boxster Review: It Doesn't Get Much Better, © 2010-2020 CarBuzz Inc. All Rights Reserved. One particular case is Ford's 4.6L V8, which comes in the Mercury Grand Marquis and Lincoln Town Car, among other vehicles. The Mustang receives the lower-power 4.0L V6 for base models, with an optional V8. Impressive stuff. We recently compiled a list of our favorite V8 engines, but V6 engines have become just as important, if not more so than the big V8. This 3.6-liter V6 produces 335 hp and is detuned to produce 310 hp in the new Buick Regal GS. The Dino 206’s 2.0-litre V6 bore and stroke were altered to become the 2.4-litre unit found in the later Dino 246GT/GTS (plus the 2.4 Fiat Dinos), with the aluminium engine block changed to cast iron. Later use of the Douvrin PRV engine included the infamous gullwinged De Lorean DMC-12, as well as the Peugeot 505 and 605 V6 models, the Renault 25, Safrane and Espace, the A310-replacing Alpine GTA, the Talbot Tagora SX 2.6, the capable but forgotten sporting Venturi, the Volvo 760, 780 and 960, the American Dodge Monaco and Eagle Premier, plus the V6 Citroën XM, Lancia Thema and others, with production of the PRV V6 continuing for almost a quarter of a century, until 1998. Employing a 3.8-litre twin-turbocharged V6 (designated VR38DETT), the initial R35 GT-Rs developed an adequate 486PS, this power output gradually growing to the whooping 570PS generated by the current Nissan model.

Although an outstanding engine with a 26-year production run, the ‘Busso’ V6 didn’t have the most auspicious home as its starting point, with the disappointing and out-classed range-topping Alfa 6 saloon being the first recipient of this fine motor. Jointly funded and developed by the Franco-Swedish trio, the V6 was manufactured by ‘Française de Mécanique’ for PRV in Douvrin, Northern France, with Volvo joining the Peugeot/Renault combo of 1969 a little later in 1971. These include its wonderous pre-war Jano-developed 6C and 8C in-line motors, the celebrated Twin Cam that enjoyed a 40-year production run from 1954, plus the lively Boxer units that first found fame in the game-changing Alfasud of 1971. Ford's 3.5L V6 is available in the Ford Edge, Fusion, Flex and Taurus.

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